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Storage负载均衡

您可以使用BALANCE语句平衡分片和Raft leader的分布,或者删除冗余的Storage服务器。

前提条件

为了平衡分片和Raft leader的分布,Nebula Graph中图空间的副本数都必须大于1。

均衡分片分布

BALANCE DATA语句会开始一个任务,将Nebula Graph集群中的分片平均分配到所有Storage服务器。通过创建和执行一组子任务来迁移数据和均衡分片分布。

禁止:不要停止集群中的任何机器或改变机器的IP地址,直到所有子任务完成,否则后续子任务会失败。

示例

以横向扩容Nebula Graph为例,集群中增加新的Storage服务器后,新服务器上没有分片。

  1. 执行命令SHOW HOSTS检查分片的分布。

    nebual> SHOW HOSTS;
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | Host        | Port | Status   | Leader count | Leader distribution               | Partition distribution |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged0" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 4            | "basketballplayer:4"              | "basketballplayer:15"  |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged1" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 8            | "basketballplayer:8"              | "basketballplayer:15"  |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged2" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:15"  |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged3" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 0            | "No valid partition"              | "No valid partition"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged4" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 0            | "No valid partition"              | "No valid partition"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "Total"     |      |          | 15           | "basketballplayer:15"             | "basketballplayer:45"  |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    
  2. 执行命令BALANCE DATA将所有分片均衡分布。

    nebula> BALANCE DATA;
    +------------+
    | ID         |
    +------------+
    | 1614237867 |
    +------------+
    
  3. 根据返回的任务ID,执行命令BALANCE DATA <balance_id>检查任务状态。

    nebula> BALANCE DATA 1614237867;
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    | balanceId, spaceId:partId, src->dst                          | status            |
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    | "[1614237867, 11:1, storaged1:9779->storaged3:9779]"         | "SUCCEEDED"       |
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    | "[1614237867, 11:1, storaged2:9779->storaged4:9779]"         | "SUCCEEDED"       |
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    | "[1614237867, 11:2, storaged1:9779->storaged3:9779]"         | "SUCCEEDED"       |
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    ...
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    | "Total:22, Succeeded:22, Failed:0, In Progress:0, Invalid:0" | 100               |
    +--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    
  4. 等待所有子任务完成,负载均衡进程结束,执行命令SHOW HOSTS确认分片已经均衡分布。

    说明BALANCE DATA不会均衡leader的分布。均衡leader请参见均衡leader分布

    nebula> SHOW HOSTS;
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | Host        | Port | Status   | Leader count | Leader distribution               | Partition distribution |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged0" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 4            | "basketballplayer:4"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged1" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 8            | "basketballplayer:8"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged2" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged3" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 0            | "No valid partition"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "storaged4" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 0            | "No valid partition"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    | "Total"     |      |          | 15           | "basketballplayer:15"             | "basketballplayer:45"  |
    +-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
    

如果有子任务失败,请重新执行BALANCE DATA。如果重做负载均衡仍然不能解决问题,请到Nebula Graph社区寻求帮助。

停止负载均衡

停止负载均衡,请执行命令BALANCE DATA STOP

  • 如果没有正在执行的负载均衡任务,会返回错误。
  • 如果有正在执行的负载均衡任务,会返回停止的任务ID(balance_id)。

BALANCE DATA STOP不会停止正在执行的子任务,而是取消所有后续子任务。您可以执行命令BALANCE DATA <balance_id>检查停止的任务状态。

一旦所有子任务都完成或停止,您可以再次执行命令BALANCE DATA

  • 如果前一个负载均衡任务的任何一个子任务失败,Nebula Graph会重新启动之前的负载均衡任务。
  • 如果前一个负载均衡任务的任何一个子任务都没有失败,Nebula Graph会启动一个新的的负载均衡任务。

移除Storage服务器

移除指定的Storage服务器来缩小集群规模,可以使用命令BALANCE DATA REMOVE <host_list>

示例

如果需要移除以下两台Storage服务器。

服务器名称 IP地址 端口
storage3 192.168.0.8 9779
storage4 192.168.0.9 9779

请执行如下命令:

BALANCE DATA REMOVE 192.168.0.8:9779,192.168.0.9:9779;

Nebula Graph将启动一个负载均衡任务,迁移storage3和storage4中的分片,然后将服务器从集群中移除。

均衡leader分布

BALANCE DATA只能均衡分片分布,不能均衡Raft leader分布。您可以使用命令BALANCE LEADER均衡leader分布。

示例

nebula> BALANCE LEADER;

您可以执行SHOW HOSTS检查结果。

nebula> SHOW HOSTS;
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| Host        | Port | Status   | Leader count | Leader distribution               | Partition distribution |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "storaged0" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "storaged1" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "storaged2" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "storaged3" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "storaged4" | 9779 | "ONLINE" | 3            | "basketballplayer:3"              | "basketballplayer:9"   |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+
| "Total"     |      |          | 15           | "basketballplayer:15"             | "basketballplayer:45"  |
+-------------+------+----------+--------------+-----------------------------------+------------------------+

最后更新: May 17, 2021
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